Health and Safety Legislation and Regulations
Plant and Safety are experts in keeping your People and your Equipment both Safe and Compliant. We understand that Laws and Regulations can be difficult to understand, however we have summarised the key legislation and regulations below.
Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (HASAWA)
The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (also referred to as HSWA, the HSW Act, the 1974 Act or HASAWA) is the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety in Great Britain.
The Health and Safety Executive, with local authorities (and other enforcing authorities) is responsible for enforcing the Act and a number of other Acts and Statutory Instruments relevant to the working environment.
Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER)
These Regulations, often abbreviated to LOLER, place duties on people and companies who own, operate, or have control over Lifting Equipment. This includes all businesses and organisations whose employees use lifting equipment (whether owned by them or not).
All Lifting Operations involving lifting equipment must be properly planned by a competent person, appropriately supervised and carried out in a safe manner. LOLER also requires that all equipment used for lifting is fit for purpose, appropriate for the test, suitably marked, and receives a statutory periodic ‘Thorough Examination’.
Pressure Systems Safety Regulations 2000 (PSSR)
The Pressure Systems Safety Regulations 2000 (PSSR) cover the safe design and use of pressure systems. The aim of PSSR is to prevent serious injury from the hazard of stored energy (pressure) as a result of the failure of a pressure system or one of its component parts.
It is for users, owners, competent persons, designers, manufacturers, importers, suppliers and installers of pressure systems used at work.
PSSR requires that all Pressure Systems have a suitable Written Scheme of Examination in place before the system can be safely operated. The system must also be examined in accordance with the Written Scheme of Examination.
Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008
These Regulations apply to all new machinery placed on the UK market or put into service in the UK, and is applicable both complete and partly competed machinery. The primary requirement is that manufacturers make machinery safe for us.
“Machinery” is broadly defined and includes; Any machinery that is powered other than by manual effort, Safety components such as guards that may be sold separately, Components that only work when attached to a machine, Lifting equipment and accessories, and Chains, ropes and webbing.
Manufacturers must ensure that Machinery is thorough tested and meets all relevant legislation, a technical file is prepared for the machinery, machinery is issued with a Declaration of Conformity, and there is a CE marking affixed to the machinery showing relevant legal requirements have been met.
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (the Management Regulations) generally make more explicit what employers are required to do to manage health and safety under the Health and Safety at Work Act. Like the Act, they apply to every work activity.
The main requirement on employers is to carry out a risk assessment. Employers with five or more employees need to record the significant findings of the risk assessment.
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER)
These Regulations, often abbreviated to PUWER, place duties on people and companies who own, operate or have control over work equipment (whether owned by them or not).
PUWER requires that equipment provided for use at work is suitable for the intended use, maintained and inspected, installed correctly, and used only by people who have received adequate information, instruction, and training. PUWER also requires that work equipment is accompanied by suitable Health and Safeyt measures, such as protective devices, controls, emergency stop/ warning devices, and clearly visible markings.
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 (COSHH)
COSHH is the law that requires employers to control substances that are hazardous to health. Most businesses use substances, or products that are mixtures of substances. Some processes create substances. These could cause harm to employees, contractors and other people.You can prevent or reduce worker’s exposure to hazardous substances by deciding how to prevent harm to health and providing control measures to reduce harm to health.
Local Exhaust Ventilation Systems (LEV’s) act as a control measure to reduce or eliminate exposure to workers. Under COSHH, extraction systems must be suitable, maintained, and subject to a statutory periodic Thorough Examination.
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
These Regulations apply to all electrical systems and equipment (as defined) whenever manufactured, purchased, installed or taken into use if its manufacture or installation pre-dates these Regulations. The regulation places duties on employers, employees and the self-employed to prevent danger.
Duty holders must; have the electrical systems constructed in a way that prevents danger, maintain the electrical systems as necessary to prevent danger (including a 5 year fixed installation inspection), and carry out any work on the electrical system in such a way that prevents danger.
Employees should only work on or with electrical equipment if they have suitable training, knowledge, experience, and supervision.
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